Subluxation: The Foundation of Chiropractic
Firstly, when a vertebra loses its normal position, it loses its normal motion. Meanwhile, this interferes with the normal function of the nerve system. After all, the vertebral bones house and protect the spinal cord from which the spinal nerves exit. Also, this interference can occur as pressure or irritation on the spinal cord, or on the nerve roots as they pass out of the spinal column. In conclusion, this nerve injury, or interference, is what chiropractors call a subluxation.
The term subluxation is used in chiropractic to describe the altered position of a vertebra which affects the body’s ability to function optimally. However, this term is also used to describe a complex that alters the biomechanics of adjacent structures that can cause disturbances in the nervous system.
Secondly, subluxations can affect the related tissues: muscles, ligaments, tendons, discs, lymphatic system and blood vessels. Muscles supporting the spine can weaken, atrophy, or become tight and go into spasm. Over time, the resulting scar tissue changes muscle tone. A rise in temperature from increased blood and lymph supplies results in swelling and inflammation. Discs can bulge, herniate, tear, or degenerate. Resulting, in soft tissues permanently damaged.
Lastly, bone spurs and other abnormal bony growths attempt to stabilize and subsequently fuse malfunctioning spinal joints. Spinal decay, scar tissue, and long-term nerve dysfunction can cause other systems of the body to malfunction which ultimately results in poor health. Some cases even require surgery.
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